Fabricated or induced illness (FII) is a form of abuse involving a parent or carer inventing, exaggerating or deliberately causing symptoms of illness in a child. It is also known as ‘Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy’.
Patterns and levels of abuse range in severity, examples include:
- Manipulating test results
- Intentionally withholding nutrition
- Inducing symptoms; for example, by using chemicals to irritate the skin
- Poisoning; for example, by using laxatives to induce diarrhoea or insulin to lower blood sugar levels
- Smothering to cause unconsciousness
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