Bullying is “behaviour by an individual or group, repeated over time, that intentionally hurts another individual or group either physically or emotionally”.
Child criminal exploitation (CCE) involves drug networks or gangs who groom or exploit children and young people to carry drugs and money from urban areas to suburban and rural areas, markets and seaside towns. This is also known as "county ...
The majority of missing children and adults are vulnerable. Many go missing as a result of problems such as domestic abuse, job loss, or as a result of grooming. People may also go missing because of issues such as dementia ...
Children may be required to give evidence in criminal courts, either as the victim or as a witness. This can be very stressful for them.
Children may also be affected by family court proceedings – for example, regarding child access ...
A child missing from education is a child of compulsory school age who is not on a school roll or being educated elsewhere.
Children with a parent in prison are at risk of poverty, stigma and bullying, isolation and poor mental health. Their performance at school may drop and they may have to take on extra responsibilities at home.
CSE is a form of sexual abuse where children are sexually exploited for money, power or status.
Domestic violence and abuse is defined as incidents or patterns of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse.
Drugs include alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs, medicines, psychoactive substances (“legal highs”), and volatile substances.
FII is a form of abuse involving a parent or carer inventing, exaggerating or deliberately causing symptoms of illness in a child.
Faith abuse is child abuse that is linked to someone's faith or belief.
FGM comprises "all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs.”
A forced marriage is a marriage in which “one or both spouses do not consent to the marriage but are coerced into it”.
A gang is typically a noticeable group of individuals that spends time in public and engages in criminal activity and violence.
Gender-based violence, also known as violence against women and girls, can include physical and sexual abuse, harassment and bullying.
A hate crime is any behaviour that anyone thinks is based on a person’s prejudice against a particular race, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability.
A child’s welfare is at significant risk if they are homeless, or at risk of becoming homeless. In most cases, this will be where children live with their families, but you should also be aware of 16 and 17 year-olds ...
Mental health disorders are emotional and behavioural problems that are “outside the normal range” for a child or young person’s age or gender.
Peer-on-peer abuse is where a pupil is subject to significant harm by another pupil or pupils. This includes sexual violence and sexual harassment between children.
Private fostering involves someone other than a parent or close relative becoming responsible for the day-to-day care of a child under the age of 16 (or 18 if the child has disabilities).
Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism.
Relationship abuse can be physical, emotional, verbal and sexual. It can also be linked to gang violence, domestic violence, gender-based violence, sexting, and child sexual exploitation.
'Sexting' can include sending or posting sexually suggestive images using mobiles or the internet. It can also include writing and sharing explicit messages.